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Retreat from Fort Fillmore

On July 25, 1861, Confederate Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor and 250 Texas Volunteers marched into Mesilla. Union troops, stationed in nearby Fort Fillmore, engaged Baylor but were unable to oust the Confederate troops. Defeated, the Union soldiers retreated back to the fort. That night, Major Isaac Lynde ordered the fort's supplies and equipment destroyed to keep them from Confederate hands. At daybreak, Lynde's troops along with 100 women and children began a retreat to Fort Stanton, a hundred miles to the northeast of Fort Fillmore. About noon, Baylor's men caught up with them at San Augustin Springs, where Major Lynde surrendered.

Retreat of Major Lynde's Troops

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