Las Cruces is a home rule city which has a council-manager form of government.

The City Council consists of six City Councilors and one Mayor, who chairs the meetings. The Mayor is elected at-large and each of the City Councilors represents one neighborhood district within the City. Each resident of Las Cruces is thus represented by the Mayor and by one City Councilor. The Mayor and City Council serve staggered four-year terms.